You weren’t wrong if it seemed like a responsible adult to refrain from paying student loans during the nearly three-year hiatus. After all, paying off a loan balance while interest is frozen is generally a good thing.
But for some borrowers who paid off while politicians debated student loan forgiveness, that bet against the White House might not pay off.
For others, their payments can be refunded.
The Biden administration announced in August that it would forgive $10,000 of student debt per borrower on federal loans and $20,000 per borrower for Pell Grant recipients.
The U.S. Department of Education also announced that the forbearance — which has suspended federal student loan interest and payments since March 2020 — is extended through December 31, 2022.
While millions of people struggling with student debt rejoiced, many borrowers who still paid were confused and appalled. Those who have paid off loans or have a few thousand dollars left have unnecessarily reduced a balance that would have now fallen under forgiveness.
However, some of these borrowers are eligible for a refund on installments made since March 2020.
Here’s how to find out if your student loans are eligible for repayment. And some things to consider before you rush out to maximize student loan forgiveness and put money back in your pocket.
Can you get a refund on student loan payments made during the break?
Nearly 40 million borrowers whose direct federal loans are part of the U.S. Department of Education’s administrative forbearance are eligible for a refund of all payments they’ve made since March 2020.
However, only a tiny percentage of these borrowers chose to continue making payments during the break. This refund has always been available to borrowers but takes on new meaning now that the cancellation of student loans has been announced.
Borrowers can contact their loan servicer to determine their reimbursement eligibility. This process is not automatic. It is the borrower’s responsibility to request a refund.
As borrowers race to maximize their eligibility, services warn that processing payment refunds can take six to nine months.
You can sign up for updates of the United States Department of Education on the cancellation of student loans.
Who is eligible for student loan payment refunds?
There’s a lot of buzz but not many details about who is eligible for a refund of student loan payments. Mark Kantrowitz, a student loan expert, talks only about 1.2% of borrowers continued to pay based on U.S. Department of Education data it analyzed.
Borrowers eligible for repayments should be aware of the following criteria.
Certain types of student loans are not eligible for repayment of payments, mainly because these loans have been guaranteed by private funds. These include private student loans and some Perkins, HEAL and FFELP loans — most student loans prior to 2010 belong to this category.
If your loans were not eligible for payment pausechances are they are not eligible for forgiveness.
These stipulations mean that millions of borrowers are currently not eligible for student loan forgiveness. The Biden administration is working to address this concern.
In the meantime, the FFELP and other borrowers may be eligible for consolidate your loans in the federal direct lending program. Once consolidated, these loans would become eligible for student loan forbearance and cancellation.
Full of questions about how student loan forgiveness works? You’re not alone. We tackle 18 common questions
and explain what we know now.
How to get a refund on your student loan payments
As you can imagine, you will need a lot of patience to get through the refund process. Long waiting time because federal loan officers Fighting rising call volumes is certainly part of the problem, but there’s also a lot of confusion.
To get a refund, you must call your loan servicer, but first:
- Do your research. Learn about your loans and potential options.
- Prepare to defend yourself. You may be asked to explain why you believe you are entitled to a refund and answer any questions.
- Prepare the necessary information. This includes your social security number and proof of all payments you’ve made since March 2020.
How a Refund Can Maximize Student Loan Forgiveness
If you have repaid your loans during forbearance or your balance is less than $10,000 or $20,000, it may be beneficial to request a refund.
Let’s say you started March 2020 with $7,500 of eligible federal student loan debt and paid off your balance at $5,000 while on forbearance. Requesting a refund means you will get the $2,500 back and that amount will be added to your loan balance.
When the student loan forgiveness occurs, the entire $7,500 would be forgiven, instead of just $5,000. What you do with the $2,500 windfall is up to you.
Should you get a refund on your student loan payments?
Now that you know how to get a refund, we have come to a crucial question. You can ask for a refund, but should you?
It’s complicated, but there are a few scenarios where a refund doesn’t make sense.
If your student loan debt remains large even with the forgiveness, those payments should stay where they are. Unless you’re currently in financial difficulty, asking for a refund could set you back financially (and your credit score).
And there are some states — including Alabama, Arkansas, Mississippi and New Jersey — where loan forgiveness can come at a steep price.
“Some states offer tax-exempt status for student loan forgiveness, and some don’t,” says Kantrowitz of The university investor. “This could be an unexpected tax bomb waiting for some Americans.”
Getting a refund on your student loan payments feels like stumbling on a payday, but weigh your decision carefully and proceed with caution.
For some borrowers, a refund may simply delay and complicate paying the piper down the road.
Kaz Weida is a lead writer for The Penny Hoarder.