October 1, 2021
Sports and physical activity have many benefits, ranging from improving physical and mental health and reducing stress to weight management. But they could also put you at risk of injury if you’re not careful.
Most common sports injuries
“The most common cause of sports injuries is poor training,” says Joseph Bellapianta, MD, which specializes in orthopedics and sports medicine To Mountain side medical center. Other main causes include structural abnormalities, muscle weakness, and unsafe exercise environments.
The most common types of sports injuries that Dr. Bellapianta sees include:
- ACL tears (knee injury)
- Compartment syndrome (dangerous muscle pressure caused by heavy repetitive exercise)
- Heat exhaustion
- Muscle cramps
- Shin splints, sprains and strains
- Fatigue fractures
- Torn tendons and ligaments
- rotator cuff tears
- Labrum tears
- Hip replacements
- Knee replacements
- Cartilage restoration procedures
Before starting a new sport or exercise program
Before you jump into any new kind of exercise, sport, or physical activity, here’s what Dr. Bellapianta says you need to know:
- Before starting a program, consult a sports medicine physician or your primary care physician for an evaluation. They can assess you for any pre-existing structural abnormalities, which may predispose you to injury, and advise you on ways to minimize the risks.
- Make stretching and warm-ups a part of your daily exercise to help prevent injury. Stretching and warming up prepare your body for the exercise you are about to do. The warm-up exercises you choose should mimic the exercise you are about to do, but at a lower intensity.
- Listen to your body. Muscle pain is a sign of increased strength, but pain and pain are very different. Pain is an indicator that you need to stop what you are doing before it causes or worsens an injury.
- Place ice on a new injury or on sore muscles after exercise to reduce inflammation.
- Stay hydrated, especially if the weather is hot or hot. Hydrate yourself with water, a sports drink or fruit juice before, during and after exercise.
- Start slowly, especially if it’s something you’ve never done before or haven’t done for a long time. Start with small increments and don’t do it every day. Allow your body to heal by taking a day off between exercise days.
If despite your precautions, you injure yourself, see your doctor or a sports medicine specialist to make sure you get the correct treatment that will allow you to recover and return to your sport as quickly as possible.
Next Steps and Resources:
The material provided by HealthU is intended to be used for general information only and should not replace the advice of your physician. Always consult your doctor for individual care.