12 October 2021
A year and a half after the start of the pandemic, doctors, researchers and government agencies have shared volumes of information on COVID-19 with the public. With all of this great information, it’s always easy to get confused by what you may hear from friends or false statements you see on social media.
Laurie Jacobs, MD, director of the Hackensack Meridian COVID Recovery Clinic, looked at common myths about COVID-19, to see if there is any truth behind the claims.
Claim: COVID-19 vaccines will give you COVID-19.
None of the COVID-19 vaccines currently in development in the United States use the live virus that causes COVID-19. Some vaccines use an inactivated virus or viral vector, while others use new mRNA technology. The goal of each of the vaccines in development is to teach our immune system to recognize and fight the virus that causes COVID-19.
Claim: You should get vaccinated even if you have had COVID-19 in the past.
Experts don’t know how long a person is protected from a new disease after recovering from COVID-19. Immunity acquired by infection is called natural immunity. Some early studies suggest that natural immunity may not last long enough and varies from person to person depending on their response to the virus.
A CDC study revealed that those who were not vaccinated and infected with COVID were more than twice as likely to contract COVID again, compared to someone who is fully vaccinated.
If you’ve been infected before, the FDA has advised you to wait 90 days after your first infection before receiving the vaccine.
The serious health risks associated with COVID-19 are significant at all ages, and since re-infection with COVID-19 is possible, you should consider getting a COVID-19 vaccine even if you have previously been ill with COVID-19. COVID-19. . It is also currently unknown whether re-infections are associated with post-COVID syndromes, also known as “Long COVID”.
Claim: There are questionable ingredients in COVID-19 vaccines, including microchips or magnets.
The active ingredient in Pfizer and Moderna vaccines is mRNA, or messenger ribonucleic acid, molecules that affect how the body responds to triggers in the immune system.
The active ingredient in the Johnson & Johnson Janssen vaccine is a modified version of a harmless virus that provides information about the genetic makeup of the novel coronavirus to cells in the body, so that the body can initiate an immune response, creating protective antibodies against it. the virus.
COVID-19 vaccines also contain inactive ingredients, such as salts and acids, like other vaccines. There are no metals or magnetic substances in vaccines. There are also no microchips or tracking technology. For more details on the exact contents of each vaccine, read on.
Claim: 5G technology is spreading COVID-19.
COVID-19 is not spread by radio waves transmitted by cell phone towers; it is spread from person to person, when a person coughs or exhales tiny droplets containing the virus and the particles reach the eyes, nose or mouth of another person. Viruses cannot be transmitted over telecommunications networks.
Claim: People who receive COVID-19 vaccines can still receive COVID-19.
COVID-19 vaccines offer protection against serious COVID-19 disease, but getting the vaccine does not guarantee 100% that a person will not be infected. In some cases, fully vaccinated people have tested positive for COVID-19 and sometimes they get sick. However, vaccinated people often have milder cases of COVID-19, which reduces their risk of being hospitalized or dying. The majority of people hospitalized and dying from COVID-19 today are not vaccinated.
CLAIM: Receiving an mRNA vaccine will change your DNA.
MRNA stands for messenger ribonucleic acid and can generally be described as instructions for your body on how to make a protein or even just a piece of a protein. MRNA is not capable of altering or modifying a person’s genetic makeup or DNA. The mRNA from a COVID-19 vaccine never enters the nucleus of the cell, where our DNA is stored. Instead, COVID-19 vaccines that use mRNA work with the body’s natural defenses to safely develop protection (immunity) against the disease. Learn more from the CDC about how COVID-19 mRNA vaccines work.
Claim: COVID-19 or COVID-19 vaccines can affect a person’s menstrual cycle.
Some research suggests that some women who have fallen ill with COVID-19 have temporarily experienced changes in their menstrual cycles. Additionally, some women who have received the COVID-19 vaccine have reported experiencing changes in their menstrual cycle. However, many factors that prevailed during the pandemic can cause a person to have irregular periods, including exposure to stress and exercising more or less than usual. More research is needed to determine whether COVID-19 or COVID-19 vaccines directly affect the menstrual cycle.
Claim: COVID-19 vaccines can harm your fertility.
No vaccine causes infertility, including COVID-19 vaccines. Vaccines also have no effect on pregnancy. However, COVID-19 itself can cause serious health complications in pregnant women.
The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention recommends that all people aged 12 and over receive COVID-19 vaccines, including pregnant women and those of childbearing age, because the vaccines protect people’s health without affecting their status fertility.
Claim: After receiving a COVID-19 vaccine, you will test positive for COVID-19.
People cannot test positive for COVID-19 after being vaccinated because vaccines do not contain a live virus. Anyone who tested positive has been exposed to COVID-19 through other means.
It is possible to test positive for COVID-19 antibodies that are directed against the “spike protein” after being vaccinated, which are different from the antibody test and the antigen used to test positive for the disease. Having antibodies is a sign that you are protected against the virus.
Claim: People who receive COVID-19 vaccines “clear” the virus afterwards.
It is only possible to get rid of a virus if you have the virus in your system. Vaccinated people do not have the ability to excrete viral particles because COVID-19 vaccines do not contain live COVID-19 virus.
People with COVID-19 can spread viral particles, which is why those infected should self-isolate at home.
Claim: Ivermectin should be used to prevent and treat COVID-19.
Ivermectin is not approved or cleared by the FDA for the prevention or treatment of COVID-19.
Some studies were conducted to assess the drug’s effectiveness against COVID-19, but the data has been inconsistent, inconclusive, and too small to be considered high quality. There is no reliable evidence that ivermectin should be used for COVID-19.
CLAIM: One COVID-19 vaccine is better than another.
All three COVID-19 vaccines are effective in protecting against the virus. Here’s a comparison:
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The material provided by HealthU is intended to be used for general information only and should not replace the advice of your physician. Always consult your doctor for individual care.