Obesity is a common metabolic disturbance and defined as the excessive accumulation of body fat. According to the Asian classification, a body mass index (BMI) for a normal person should be between 18.5 kg / m2 – 22.9 kg / m2 , a BMI 23.0 kg / m2 is classified as overweight and has a BMI of 27.5 kg / m2 like obese. The prevalence of obesity and overweight is increasing rapidly in both men and women and has become an epidemic worldwide. Gurpreet Kaur, senior nutritionist, Cloudnine Group of Hospitals, Chandigarh, believes that obesity has a detrimental influence on all systems of the body, including reproductive health.
Effect of female obesity on infertility –
Obesity impacts the health of women throughout their reproductive lives with adverse effects not only on fertility and short-term complications of pregnancy, but also on longer-term health outcomes for them. women and their children. Compared to healthy women, overweight women have a higher risk of menstrual dysfunction and an-ovulation. In addition, obese women have a high risk of subfertility and subfertility, the rates of conception, rates of miscarriages and many other pregnancy complications are increased in these women. They tend to have poor reproductive outcomes in natural and assisted conception or reproductive cycles such as ovulation induction, IVF / ICSI, and egg donation cycles.
Effects of female obesity during pregnancy
Maternal obesity and the increased risk of multiple and severe pregnancy complications have negative short- and long-term effects. These risks include pregnancy-induced hypertension and pre-eclampsia, gestational diabetes (gestational diabetes), and prenatal depression. Obese women are more likely to have induction of labor and a cesarean section and they are also more likely to have a stillbirth compared to women of normal weight.
Being obese during pregnancy not only affects the pregnancy phase, but there are also consequences for a woman’s health later in life. A woman is more likely to develop diabetes, chronic hypertension, and cardiovascular disease during her lifetime. Maternal obesity also increases the likelihood of gynecologic cancers later in life, including ovarian and endometrial cancer.
NUTRITION MANAGEMENT FOR MALE AND FEMALE OBESITY –
Weight loss is the gold standard of treatment for men and women with high BM. Overweight and obese patients should be encouraged to lose weight before planning a pregnancy to reduce poor obstetric outcomes due to obesity.
Features of the diet negatively affecting fertility and causing obesity:
– High consumption of red and processed meat
– High intake of sugary drinks and unhealthy snacks
– Low intake of fiber, vitamins and minerals
– Poor consumption of fish
– Poor consumption of vegetables & fruits
– High trans fat intake
– High energy density and sedentary lifestyle
– Poor consumption of nuts & seeds
Important Diet Changes for Men and Women:
- Nuts and dried fruits are a great source of protein, vitamins, and minerals, and they also contain high amounts of selenium (a mineral) which decreases chromosomal damage in eggs, which helps increase fertility levels. Always eat a handful of nuts and dried fruits such as almonds, walnuts, raisins, figs, etc. with milk every morning to increase fertility levels.
- Green vegetables are a rich source of folic acid and vitamins that aid in the ovulation process. It also decreases the risk of miscarriage and genetic abnormalities. Vegetables such as broccoli, spinach, and kale should be included in the diet as they not only improve egg fertility, but also help produce good quality sperm.
- Garlic is a fertility-boosting spice for both men and women. For women, it maintains the estrogen balance in the body and thus supports fertility. For men, it helps improve the movement of sperm, which increases the chances of conception when consumed regularly. 2 chopped cloves on an empty stomach could be eaten daily.
- Milk and its products are a rich source of vitamin C, good fats and vitamin D and these are essential for improving fertility levels. These products nourish the whole body and help to conceive faster. Organic hormone-free dairy products such as yogurt, curds, lassi, buttermilk and milk should be incorporated into the daily diet.
- Fiber helps the body get rid of excess hormones and keep blood sugar levels in check. It can also help remove excess estrogen by binding to it in the intestines. The excess estrogen is then eliminated from the body as waste material resulting from the control of estrogen levels.
- Some animal proteins such as meat should be replaced with vegetable protein sources such as beans, lentils, nuts and seeds as these plant sources are linked to a reduced risk of infertility.
- Creating a calorie deficit is necessary for weight loss. Counting calories helps you lose weight by raising awareness of what you eat each day. It could also help identify the different eating patterns that you may need to change, keeping you on track to achieve your goals. Always follow your nutritionist’s suggestions for tailor-made diet plans to achieve your goal. The nutritionist will help you cut the extra calories and focus on fat loss and muscle building.
- Along with diet, exercise also plays a vital role as it has many health benefits including increased fertility. Increasing moderate physical activity has positive effects on the fertility of both women and men, especially those with obesity.
* It is certainly necessary to instill the habit of doing regular workouts and consuming a balanced diet. As a healthy body should basically help speed up the process of conception.
Also Read: Your Search For An Expert Approved Pregnancy Diet Chart Ends Here